Today the Netherlands Gambling Authority announced their new policy involving companies that refuse to pay the administrative fines (civil money penalties) imposed by this authority. If the company does not pay the fine after a reminder, the Gambling Authority will not only start a procedure to collect the money penalty but will also publish the refusal of the company to pay. In conformity with legally required practice the company involved will be given the possibility to react upon the intention to publish this on the authorities’ website (on this page). This publication will be removed in case the administrative fine will be paid after all.

According to the authority part of the companies that offered illegal gambling the administrative fines was imposed for do not take responsibility with the refusal to pay. The avoidance of punishment is a strong indication for the unreliability of the company involved according to the Dutch gambling authority. The authority says that its purpose is to inform consumers and to warn them against possibly unreliable providers.

Of course, it is all in the frame. However, I seriously doubt whether the noble aim of informing and warning consumers is indeed the main or even real aim of the new publication policy of this authority. In reality, the authority does not have the legal means to enforce the payment of the administrative fine imposed on companies abroad. In line with similar policies of Dutch authorities on the regulation of Financial Services (AFM) and Banking (DNB) publication is used as a means to shame companies into compliance or payment. In European competition Law this gap existed even after the enactment of Regulation 1/2003. New regulation was needed and enacted not before the ECN+-Directive 1/2019 on 1 January 2019.

After all, in criminal law legal means are available in several EU and international criminal law provisions of mutual assistance in criminal matter. If the administrative fine were a civil law debt several EU and private international law provisions would be available. Unfortunately, the administrative fine imposed is a criminal punishment nor a private law debt. Although the problem of the transnational collection of administrative fines is known already for years, the European Union (that should solve this issue) has not made real and convincing efforts to fill this gap. The gap is even bigger on the transatlantic and global level.

Did you, your company or your client receive an administrative fine or the intention to impose one and you need help of a specialist? Do not hesitate to contact me at Dit e-mailadres wordt beveiligd tegen spambots. JavaScript dient ingeschakeld te zijn om het te bekijken.

See on transnational administrative sanctioning:

  • Oswald Jansen, Transnational sanctioning in EU Law to be published in Jean-Bernard Auby and Marie Gautier (eds.), Extraterritorialité en droit public (working title), Bruylant Brussel (forthcoming), published as a paper
  • Oswald Jansen, Administrative law sanctioning and mutual assistance in the European Union. In: R. Kert, & A. Lehner (Eds.), Vielfalt des Strafrechts im internationalen Kontext: Festschrift für Frank Höpfl zum 65. en Geburtstag, Wien: NWV - Neuer Wiss. Verl., 2018 pp. 709-729;
  • Jansen, O., Metselaar, A. J., Adriaanse, P. C., den Houdijker, F. M. J., den Ouden, W., Voermans, W. J. M., & Geertjes, G. J. A. (2014). Grensoverschrijdende inning van bestuurlijke boetes: Een verkennend onderzoek naar ervaringen in België, Duitsland en het Verenigd Koninkrijk en mogelijkheden voor internationale samenwerking (The cross-border recovery of administrative fines An exploratory study of experiences in Belgium, Germany and the United Kingdom and possibilities for international cooperation), WODC, Den Haag 2014 (summary in English);
  • Oswald Jansen: The systems of international cooperation in administrative and criminal matters in relation to regulation EC 1/2003, in: Gerhard Dannecker and Oswald Jansen (eds.), Competition Law Sanctioning in the European Union, Kluwer Law International 2004, pp. 257 – 304;
  • Oswald Jansen, The Systems of International Cooperation in Administrative and Criminal Matters in Relation to Regulation EC 1/2003, European Review of Public Law / Revue européenne de droit public, 2004, vol. 2, 355 - 416.

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Administrative Law and its Territory
Oratie als bijzonder hoogleraar Europees bestuursrecht en openbaar bestuur aan de Universiteit van Maastricht (26 februari 2016)